ENRICA is a multipurpose cohort aiming to examine the associations between lifestyle and healthy aging in older adults. Among lifestyle risk factors, the focus is on diet, physical activity, sedentary behavior, and alcohol drinking patterns. As regards to the outcome variables, the main focus is health-related quality of life, the frailty syndrome and physical functioning.

General Design

Study Design Cohort
General Information on Follow Up (profile, frequency)

This cohort was established in 2008-2010 with 2614 non-institutionalized individuals aged 60 years and older. Participants were then followed-up in 2012 and 2015.

Recruitment Target
  • Individuals
Number of Participants



Not Applicable
Don't Know
Possible Access to Data

Possible Access to Biosamples


Marker Paper

• Rodríguez-Artalejo F et al. Rationale and methods of the study on nutrition and cardiovascular risk in Spain (ENRICA). RevEspCardiol. 2011 Oct;64(10):876-82. • León-Muñoz LM, et al. Major dietary patterns and risk of frailty in older adults: a prospective cohort study. BMC Med. 2015 Jan 20;13:11

PUBMED 21821340 and 25601152

Study Timeline

Each colour in the timeline graph below represents a separate Study Population, while each segment in the graph represents a separate Data Collection Event. Clicking on a segment gives more detailed information on a Data Collection Event.


ENRICA - Population

The population is composed of 2614 non-institutionalized individuals aged 60 years and older and living across Spain.

Sources of Recruitment

General Population
  • Random digit dialing

Selection Criteria

Age Minimum age 60
Country Spain
Ethnic Origin Caucasian

Sample Size

Number of Participants


Data Collection Events

ENRICA - Baseline

Baseline information was collected from 2008...

2008 (October)2010 (June)
ENRICA - Follow-up 1

Second wave of data collection to update...

2012 (March)2012 (December)
ENRICA - Follow-up 2

Third wave of data collection to update...

2015 (January)2015 (June)

Variables classifications